Runtime errors occur when the code is executed and something unexpected happens. For example, trying to access a property of an undefined variable can cause a runtime error. These types of errors are harder to identify than syntax errors because they don’t always result in an immediate failure of the code. Instead, they can cause unexpected behavior or crashes later in the execution.
Logical errors occur when the code runs without any syntax or runtime errors, but the output is not what was expected. For example, a logical error could be a function that returns the wrong result. These types of errors are often the most challenging to identify and fix because the code is technically correct, but the logic behind it is flawed.
The Console is a built-in tool in most browsers that allows you to log messages, warnings, and errors to the browser’s console. The Console is useful for debugging because it allows you to see what’s happening in your code as it runs. You can use the Console to log messages, inspect variables, and test code snippets.
The Debugger is another built-in tool in most browsers that allows you to pause the execution of your code and inspect the current state of your variables and functions. The Debugger is useful for identifying runtime errors and logical errors in your code. You can use the Debugger to set breakpoints, step through your code, and inspect variables.
Debugging techniques – Step-by-Step Debugging, Breakpoints, and Watch Expressions
Step-by-Step Debugging is a technique that allows you to execute your code one line at a time. This technique is useful for identifying runtime errors and logical errors in your code. You can use Step-by-Step Debugging to step through your code, inspect variables, and identify the line of code where an error occurred.
Breakpoints allow you to pause the execution of your code at a specific line of code. This technique is useful for identifying runtime errors and logical errors in your code. You can use Breakpoints to stop the execution of your code at a specific line, inspect variables, and identify the line of code where an error occurred.
Watch Expressions allow you to monitor the value of a variable as your code runs. This technique is useful for identifying logical errors in your code. You can use Watch Expressions to monitor the value of a variable, identify when its value changes unexpectedly, and identify the line of code where the unexpected change occurred.
Console Logging is a technique that allows you to log messages to the Console. You can use Console Logging to debug your code by logging variables, messages, and other information as your code runs.
Asserts are a technique that allows you to test if a condition is true. If the condition is false, an error message is logged to the Console. You can use Asserts to test if a function is returning the expected result, or if a variable has the expected value.
Errors are a technique that allows you to log error messages to the Console. You can use Errors to identify and fix runtime errors in your code. When an error occurs, an error message is logged to the Console, along with the line number where the error occurred.
Debugging with Debugger – Setting Breakpoints, Inspecting Variables, and Call Stack
Setting Breakpoints allows you to pause the execution of your code at a specific line of code. You can use Setting Breakpoints to identify the line of code where an error occurred, inspect variables, and step through your code one line at a time.
Inspecting Variables allows you to view the current state of your variables as your code runs. You can use Inspecting Variables to identify the value of a variable at a specific point in time, and to identify when its value changes unexpectedly.
The Call Stack is a tool that allows you to see the sequence of function calls that led to the current line of code. You can use the Call Stack to identify the functions that were called before an error occurred, and to identify the line of code where the error occurred.
Debugging with DevTools – Inspecting Elements, Network Tab, and Performance Tab
Inspecting Elements allows you to view and edit the HTML and CSS code for a web page. You can use Inspecting Elements to identify the HTML and CSS code that’s causing a layout issue or other visual problem on your website.
The Network Tab allows you to see the requests and responses made by your website. You can use the Network Tab to identify slow-loading resources, and to optimize your website’s performance.
The Performance Tab allows you to see how your website is performing in terms of speed and responsiveness. You can use the Performance Tab to identify bottlenecks in your code, and to optimize your website’s performance.
- Use descriptive variable names to make it easier to identify their purpose.
- Use comments to explain the purpose of your code and any potential issues.
- Write small, testable functions that do one thing and do it well.
- Test your code early and often to identify issues before they become major problems.
- Use version control to keep track of changes to your code and to revert to a previous version if necessary.
- Use a cross-browser testing tool to test your website in different browsers.
- Use feature detection instead of browser detection to check if a feature is supported.
- Use vendor prefixes for CSS properties that are not yet standardized